Push fit pipe fittings are a type of plumbing fitting that allows for quick and easy connection of pipes without the need for soldering, threading, or gluing. They are a popular choice for both professional plumbers and DIY enthusiasts, as they are easy to install, require no special tools, and can be easily disconnected and reconnected if needed.
When it comes to choosing the right push fit pipe fittings for your application, there are a number of factors that need to be taken into consideration. In this article, we will discuss the different types of push fit pipe fittings available, the materials they are made from, and the factors that need to be considered when choosing the right fittings for your plumbing project.
Types of Push Fit Pipe Fittings
There are several types of push fit pipe fittings available, each designed for a specific purpose. Some of the most common types of push fit pipe fittings include:
Straight Coupling: A straight coupling is a fitting that connects two pipes of the same diameter in a straight line. This type of fitting is commonly used to extend existing pipe runs or to connect two sections of pipe that are not able to be threaded.
Elbow: An elbow fitting is used to change the direction of a pipe run by 90 degrees. They are available in both 45 degree and 90 degree angles and can be used to navigate around corners or obstacles.
Tee: A tee fitting is used to connect three pipes at right angles. This type of fitting is commonly used to create a branch in a pipe system or to connect multiple fixtures to a single water supply.
End Cap: An end cap is a fitting that is used to close off the end of a pipe. This type of fitting is commonly used in applications where a pipe is not needed or where the end of a pipe needs to be sealed.
Reducer: A reducer fitting is used to connect pipes of different sizes. This type of fitting is commonly used in applications where a smaller pipe needs to be connected to a larger pipe.
Push fit pipe fittings are available in a variety of materials, each with its own advantages and disadvantages. The most common materials used for push fit pipe fittings include:
Polyethylene: Polyethylene is a thermoplastic material that is lightweight and durable. It is resistant to chemicals and UV rays, making it a good choice for outdoor applications.
Polypropylene: Polypropylene is a thermoplastic material that is lightweight and strong. It is resistant to chemicals and can withstand high temperatures, making it a good choice for hot water applications.
Copper: Copper is a durable and corrosion resistant material that is commonly used in plumbing applications. It is also a good conductor of heat, making it a good choice for hot water applications.
Brass: Brass is a durable and corrosion resistant material that is commonly used in plumbing applications. It is also a good conductor of heat, making it a good choice for hot water applications.
Factors to Consider When choosing the right push fit pipe fittings for your application, there are several factors that need to be taken into consideration, including:
Pipe Size: The size of the pipe is the most important factor to consider when choosing push fit pipe fittings. The fitting must be compatible with the size of the pipe in order to create a secure connection.
Material: The material of the push fit pipe fitting must be compatible with the material of the pipe. For example, a copper fitting cannot be used with a polyethylene pipe.
Application: The type of application will also influence the choice of push fit pipe fittings. For example, if the application involves hot water, a brass or copper fitting may be a better choice than a plastic fitting.
Pressure: The pressure of the water flowing through the
pipes is another important factor to consider. Each type of push fit pipe fitting has a maximum pressure rating, which must be taken into account when choosing the right fittings for your application. If the pressure in your pipes is too high for the fittings you have chosen, they may leak or fail.
Temperature: The temperature of the water flowing through the pipes is also an important factor to consider. Some materials, such as plastic, may not be able to withstand high temperatures, while others, such as copper and brass, are better suited for hot water applications.
Compatibility: It is important to ensure that the push fit pipe fittings you choose are compatible with other fittings in your system. If the fittings are not compatible, it can lead to leaks or failures.
Cost: Finally, cost is an important consideration when choosing push fit pipe fittings. While cheaper fittings may seem like a good choice, they may not be as durable or long lasting as more expensive fittings. It is important to strike a balance between cost and quality when choosing push fit pipe fittings.
Choosing the right push fit pipe fittings for your application requires careful consideration of a number of factors, including pipe size, material, application, pressure, temperature, compatibility, and cost. By taking these factors into account, you can ensure that you choose the right fittings for your plumbing project, creating a secure and long lasting connection between your pipes.