The main sewer pipe of a building is generally located under the building's floor and near the exterior wall. This pipe is collected from the junction of the smaller sewer pipes of the building, such as the sink, toilet, bathroom and kitchen, and is directly connected to the main sewer pipe.
The main sewer pipe in the architecture of the building should be designed in such a way that it is completely safe and sanitary. For example, the main sewer pipe should be placed around living rooms and bedrooms and around air conditioning systems. Also, to reduce the risk of introducing pathogenic agents, this pipe should be installed at a distance from the base of the building so that if there is a problem in the sewage system, the sewage does not flow into the building.
Also, in larger buildings that contain several floors, the main sewer pipe may consist of several sections. In this case, floor-to-floor sewer pipes are connected to the main sewer pipe and are connected to the main pipe at different points of the building.
Therefore, the main sewer pipe in the building should be designed in such a way that it is hygienic and safe, and if there is a problem in the sewer system, it should be controlled in a way so as not to damage other components of the building.
Another thing that should be considered in the design and installation of the main sewer pipe is the use of quality materials in accordance with valid standards. These pipes must be made with materials that are resistant to corrosion, electrical corrosion, heat, pressure, mechanical shock and thermal shock. Also, the sewer pipes must have welds that guarantee a smooth surface to prevent blockage of the sewer pipe through the flow of sewage.
In order to minimize possible problems in the building's sewage system, managers and relevant officials should consider the following points:
Therefore, the design and installation of the main sewer pipe is one of the most important parts of the building's sewage system, which must be done in such a way that it is hygienic, safe, and of high quality, and prevents the occurrence of problems such as sewage leakage, unpleasant odors, and damage to the building.